A hiccup, also known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF) or singultus, is an uncontrollable contraction of the diaphragm (the muscle that separates the chest from the 

abdomen) that may repeat several times per minute.

As the diaphragm contracts, it causes you to breathe air in very quickly, followed by a sudden closure of your vocal cords. 

This produces the characteristic sound of a hiccup.

Hiccups may occur individually or in bouts. For most people, a bout of hiccups lasts only a few minutes. 

Rarely, hiccups may persist for hours. 

Usually, the sound of a hiccup is the only sign. 

However, at times one can experience a slight tightening sensation in the chest, abdomen or throat.

[AdSense-A]Most often, hiccups occur due to drinking carbonated beverages or excessive alcoholic beverages, overeating, eating too quickly, eating very spicy foods, some kind of excitement or emotional stress, smoking, sudden change in the room temperature and swallowing air while chewing or eating something.





Long-term hiccups that last for hours can be due to some nerve damage or irritation, respiratory conditions, central nervous system disorders due to a tumor or infection, gastrointestinal conditions, metabolic disorders or certain medications.

It can also be triggered by alcoholism, anesthesia, barbiturates, diabetes, electrolyte imbalance, kidney failure, steroids and tranquilizers.

Hiccups can be annoying and embarrassing when in public. 

In general, a bout of hiccups will go away without any treatment. 

However, there are many home remedies that can help stop hiccups.

– COLD WATER

You can shock your system with cold water to stop hiccups. 

Any kind of shock will cause distraction and will help put your hiccups to rest.

Quickly drink a glass of cold water with honey in it and your hiccups will go away immediately.

You can also gargle with cold water for 1 minute to keep hiccups at bay.

Another option is to suck on a small piece of ice for a few seconds.

– DRINK UPSIDE DOWN

Drinking a glass of cold water can shock your body and stop hiccups. 

But this remedy can be made more effective by drinking the water upside down.





Fill a glass with cold water.

Bend down at the waist and put your head down.

Drink the water from the opposite side of the glass than you would normally.

If required, repeat again.

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